Saturday, January 24, 2015

Using Illustrator to Make Patterned Stamps for Engineering Drawings

I was recently asked an excellent question by my neighbor, a nuclear engineer:
"I am marking up a drawing and created an octagon shape. I wanted to fill it in with a pattern – where can I find patterns? I thought I used this before but can’t seem to find it.
While Acrobat does indeed have some built-in stamps, they're very generic, and not appropriate for what my neighbor needed to accomplish.

Standard Business Stamps
Sign Here Stamps
Dynamic Stamps
After a little discussion, I decided to go ahead and make him a pattern-filled object in Illustrator, which he could then import into Acrobat as a custom PDF stamp. While this was a good short-term solution, I thought it would good to figure out a solution that would let him make his own custom stamps, in whatever shape and color he needed.

But first let me show you how I made him the stamps in Illustrator. Start with a new document in Illustrator.

1. First, start with some pattern swatches. Unbeknownst to many Illustrator users, Illustrator has a bunch of built-in patterns. You can find them with the swatches here:
Windows> Swatches > Patterns > Basic Graphics > Basic Graphics_Lines

Basic Graphics: Lines
Side note: by clicking on the little triangles at the bottom left of the panel, you can easily move from one built-in swatch library to another.

Basic Graphics: Dots
Basic Graphics: Textures
But I digress, let's go back to making our pattern-filled Octagon.

2. Next, make an octagon and give it a stroke and a pattern fill. I chose one of Illustrator's built-in pattern swatches from Basic Graphics_Lines. 


3. Make the lines go diagonal. Now, you'll notice that the lines in Illustrator's default Lines swatches are all either going horizontal or vertical. But my engineer friend wanted the lines to be going diagonally. To do this, go to Window > Transform to bring up the Transform Panel. On the panel flyout menu, choose Transform Pattern Only.

Transform Pattern Only

Now, the "Transform Pattern Only" command is confusing because there are a couple of things they don't tell you in that little panel flyout menu. The first can be seen when you hover over the little yellow warning triangle that now appears in the Transom panel: "Transformations will only be applied to the pattern fill of the selected object(s)."

We only see that warning by hovering over the little yellow triangle. Now, if you go and try to then transform the pattern, as I did, using the rotate tool, both the object and the pattern are transformed. That's not what I wanted!


Both Object and Pattern have been rotated


After a little experimentation I figured out that the only way to get just the pattern to rotate is by using the Rotate and Shear fields within the Transform Panel.


4. Make your artboard the same size as your object. Go to Object > Artboards > Fit to Selected Art. This will make the stamp import properly into Acrobat's Custom Stamp created.


5. Save as an Illustrator PDF.

6. Go to Acrobat and open a PDF.

7. Create a Custom Stamp. Go to Comments > Annotations > Click on the Stamp tool > Custom Stamps > Create Custom Stamp.


8. Select Image for Custom Stamp. Navigate to the PDF you just made.


9. Give the stamp a category and a name. Now your stamps ready for use.



10. To use the stamp, click not the stamp tool and choose your new stamp from the list.


11. To use the stamp repeatedly, right-click on the stamp tool ann choose "Keep Tool Selected."


12. Now start stamping. You can stamp at different sizes. Acrobat does not allow for disproportionate resizing of stamps, so you can click and drag without fear of changing the proportions of your stamp. If you like, you can even change the opacity of your stamp using the Properties toolbar (Cmd+E).


13. Make some more options. I figured since one texture is good, more textures would be even better. So I went back to Illustrator and made a few more artboards and applied different patterns. You can download the patterned octagons here.


Thursday, December 18, 2014

Christmas and the Love of Documentation

I was chatting with my sister recently about family Christmas traditions. As her children are growing older, she wanted to incorporate some of our family Christmas traditions into her own family. We both got to thinking about it, and the tradition that first came to mind was the annual documentation of the Christmas ornaments. What is that you ask? Well, in my family growing up, we would document all of our Christmas ornaments every year:
  • Ornament description (What)
  • Who they were from
  • Year added to the collection (When)
I thought this practice was perfectly normal and something that every family did. When I was older, I learned that was unique to our family. It was something my mother started; perhaps simply to prevent us from inadvertently discarding ornaments still hung in the dried-out tee before we hauled it to the dump. Whatever the reason, we documented our ornaments faithfully every year. At some point in time, we had even typed up a digital copy of the list, and it was kept safely on a 5" floppy disk.

At the close of each Christmas season, we would wrap each ornament individually in paper towels or large dinner napkins. So when December rolled around again the following year, we would each get out our designated box of ornaments and start unwrapping them. It was always so exciting to see what was hidden inside each paper towel. It was like unwrapping 100 Christmas presents! My sister and I would each have our favorites, and as we were decorating, we'd talk about where we got them, who made them for us, and why we liked them.

Our favorite ornaments were the hand-made ones. We had made quite a few ornaments in girl scouts. We had messy glitter snowmen, macaroni angels, and clothespin clowns. Sometimes, we'd have to do a little repair work on the ornaments, as they began to show signs of wear. Each year brought another one or two ornaments into the collection.

Clothespin Clown, Angel, and Soldier, Mid 1980s
Macaroni Angel, Mid 1980s
Paper Stocking, Made in Preschool, Early 1980s
Clothespin Reindeer, Made in Girl Scouts, Mid 1980s
Felt Sequin Stocking with Bear, made by my sister Kim, Mid 1980s
As a child, I didn't realize that people would put gifts in stockings. I thought they were just supposed to be decorative. I think this was because our stockings were made of a non-stracthable material and were quite narrow. My childhood stocking (made by my mother) now hangs on the tree.

My childhood Christmas Stocking, from my mom
Mom had a short lived crafting career, but she did make me a few ornaments before leaving the sequins to Grandma.
Brown Felt Bear with Sequins, Mom

Sequin Snowman with Hat and Scarf, Mom

After I got married, Steve brought along a few of his childhood ornaments as well.
Red Apple with Glitter "Steve"
There are some ornaments that aren't really ornaments at all, but somehow they ended up in the Ornament Box and so every year we would stick them in the tree. This Santa Snow Globe has definitely seen better days.
Santa Snow Globe
We had a fair number of livestock ornaments, mostly sheep. One could speculate that sheep were part of the nativity scene, but our affinity for sheep ornaments ran quite a bit deeper that than. We were a 4H and FFA family, which meant that we not only loved livestock, we owned livestock, and we even had a small scale sheep-breeding operation in our backyard. Our annual family vacation was spending a week (often two) camping at the county fair, where we would show our animals. So yes, of course, we would have sheep ornaments, and plenty of them. I'm also an avid knitter, and even tried spinning for awhile, so I still have a soft spot in my heart for sheep (even though I no longer choose to own them). And so, the sheep ornament collection keeps growing.
Suffolk Sheep on a Rake, Mid 1980s
Santa Sheep, Mid 1980s
Brown Sheep, 2013
At around the age of ten or eleven, we took a trip to San Diego and stopped by the fancy Christmas store in the mall. That's when I was first introduced to the the elegantly mass produced ornaments sold there. No handmade stuff here! All imported from the far east by the cargo ship load!

Fancy Ornaments from the Mall, mid-late 1980s
Sometimes the ornaments would come in sets. We usually grouped those together on the list. My sister had a very smiler set of ceramic Raggedy Ann/Andys, so in order to keep them straight, my mom wrote our names on the back of our Raggedy Andys.
Ceramic Raggedy Ann and Andy, Mom bought from a Craft Show
Miniature Pillows, from Jennifer and Troy Schaublin
Miniature Wooden Angel, Bear, and Santa
Some of the ornaments are obviously handmade, though I can't recall by whom. They don't have the detail that was always present in my grandmother's sequin ornaments.

Crocheted Stocking
Floppy Gingerbread Man, Aunt Marie
Orange Cardboard Mouse, Baby Gift given near the time of my birth
A number of the ornaments have dates on them, usually written in black marker. Sometimes the date is so faint that it's tough to read (see Crazy Santa, below). Sometimes the date is imprinted on the ornament or perhaps even part of the design. Though my master list of the ornaments is long gone, it's neat to see when certain ornaments were given to me. Take this wooden plaque for example. It was from the Christmas of 1976. But I wasn't even born until four months later. Someone gave me this gift when I was still in utero!

Wooden Plaque, from Jennifer and Troy Schaublin, 1976
Popsicle Stick Skier, 1978
Sequin Raggedy Andy, Grandma Ewing, 1980
Crazy Santa, from Mom, 1980
Sequin Santa, Grandma Ewing, 1979
Ceramic Christmas Animal Bells, 1986
Arrow Coffeehouse Scroll Woodworking, from Trevor and Erica, 2013
Sometimes the ornaments were from special trips, or during very special times in our life. We went to Hawaii the summer between fifth and sixth grade, and I got a Christmas ornament while we were there.

Hula Doll, 1987
In 2009, my husband and I started our marine publishing business, and I found a crystal yacht ornament on ebay to commemorate that year. For years, I had prayed to God asking for a secure job and a way for us to reliably support ourselves. And He answered. God had prepared a ready-made publishing business for us. 2009 was the start of something new!

Crystal Yacht, 2009
While we loved all the ornaments, there were some that held a special place in our hearts; those were the ones my grandmother had made. She was very crafty, had grown up during the depression, and for nearly two decades, we each received one or two ornaments that she had made by hand. In fact, every single year, she made ornaments for each of her ten grandchildren, for at least two decades. She made us glittery silk balls, sequined snowmen, crocheted snowflakes, and plastic canvas bird feeders, (complete with birdseed). I mentioned it to my grandfather recently (he turned 91 this year), and he told me that she would order kits from Lee Wards. I was able to track down a Lee Wards catalog for sale on Etsy. I remember some of these exact ornaments hanging from my childhood tree.

Lee Wards Christmas Catalog
www.etsy.com/listing/83400830/vintage-lee-wards-christmas-catalog

Grandma's ornaments went through phases. For several years, we ornaments made of felt, with a few sequins. Then for a couple years we got plastic canvas ornaments. Then, Grandma moved into a sequined-ball phase for a few years. The last ornament I got from her was the crocheted snowflake.

Clear and Silve Bead Snowflake, Grandma Ewing, Mid 1980s
Gold Sequin and Tin Foil Pyramid, Grandma Ewing, Mid 1980s
Green Sequin Rocking Horse, Grandma Ewing, Mid 1980s
White Plastic Bell with Gold Sequins and Green Beads, Grandma Ewing
Knitted Snowman, Grandma Ewing
Pearl Diamond, Grandma Ewing
Green Plastic Canvas NOEL Bear in a Box, Grandma Ewing
Green Plastic Canvas Bird Feeder, Grandma Ewing
Red, White and Green Sequin Ball, Grandma Ewing
Red Sequin Bell Pillow, Grandma Ewing
Red and Gold Sequin Styrofoam Bell, with Red Ribbon, Grandma Ewing
Red Silk Ball with Gold Flower and Green Beads, Grandma Ewing
Silver Star Sequin Tree, Grandma Ewing
Crochet Snowflake Grandma Ewing, late 1980s

Grandma Ewing passed away in November of this year. I owe her a debt of gratitude, as she taught me how to knit. I am sure my knitting and crochet aptitudes come in large part from her.

As a child, my introduction to documentation came in the form of something fun: an annual Christmas tradition. We documented our Christmas ornaments because my mother decided it was important to keep track of them. I'm not sure if she instituted this practice because she wanted me to fall in love with record-keeping (I doubt it), but it helped to instill in me the importance of keeping an organized list of something that I cared about. We documented the ornaments because it mattered: it mattered who gave them to us, what they looked like, and when we received them. It all mattered.

As an adult, I still love documentation. I make a good living at, in fact. I write about boats: what equipment they contain, how they were built, and when to do scheduled maintenance. As a child, I was the end user of my documentation. But now as an adult, my documentation is for someone other than myself. The tradition of documentation that I learned as a child helped to prepare me for my eventual career.

I encourage you to start a new tradition with your family: documenting the Christmas ornaments. Click here to download a ready-made template.


Merry Christmas!